"Environmental Hazards Newsletter " 1st Feb 2018

Hurricanes and Cyclones
Locals share pain of post-hurricane Puerto Rico
Just as the damage from Hurricane Maria is still a raw wound in Puerto Rico, where half of its residents remain without power, emotions are still raw among Bloomington-Normal residents with ties to the battered island. “We are here because we need to keep having Puerto Rico in the news,” Daynali Flores-Rodriguez said Friday at a teach-in at Illinois State University on the effects of hurricanes in Puerto Rico. “This is a long-term recovery.”
Powerful storm wreaks havoc across western Europe
Germany and the Netherlands woke up to scenes of devastation Friday after a powerful storm flattened buildings, disrupted travel and killed at least eight people. Six people died in Germany, including two firefighters killed by falling trees and debris. A 68-year-old van driver was killed when his vehicle was blown onto the other side of the street, police said. In Cologne, a baby was born in a car after road closures made it impossible for the mother to reach hospital, the city's fire service said.
Tropical Cyclone Berguitta Lashes Mauritius, Reunion Island
A pair of islands in the Indian Ocean were impacted by the wind and rain from Tropical Cyclone Berguitta, which raked both as it continued its journey southward. Widespread flooding was reported on Mauritius and Reunion Island as the storm passed, according to the Express. Citing a local French-language newspaper, the Express reported no fatalities on Mauritius following a press briefing from Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth.
Dangerous Cyclone Berguitta pulls away from Mauritius, La Reunion after bringing damaging winds and flooding
Severe Tropical Storm Berguitta passed dangerously close to La Reunion and Mauritius, but now looks to pull away from the islands, decreasing the impacts to the area. "Despite some recent weakening, Berguitta is still a very dangerous tropical cyclone ...
Bomb Cyclone could signal stronger winter storms, flooding ahead
Vacations across the Northeast were interrupted early this month by “bomb cyclone,” which dropped up to 15 inches of snow onto cities and freeways, disrupting transportation for days. Unfortunately for residents, climate trends may suggest that New ...
"Our own personal cyclone" as severe thunderstorm rips through WA farming community of Cunderdin
Residents in Cunderdin have described a severe storm that tore through the region yesterday afternoon as "our own personal cyclone". The Bureau of Meteorology recorded winds of up to 126 kilometres per hour yesterday as ex-Tropical Cyclone Joyce moved into the far south.
Cyclone Joyce TRACK: Storm Joyce to smash Australia "threat to lives and homes
BBC weather presenter Helen Willetts warned Perth could be in for “record-breaking” weather if it is hit with the remains of high energy Tropical Cyclone Joyce over the weekend.
Passengers recall horrors of cruise ship that sailed into "Bomb Cyclone
Passengers aboard the Norwegian Breakaway said they feared for their lives as the ship sailed through 'bomb cyclone' Storm Grayson. Karoline Ross said her daughter called her fiance in order 'to say goodbye.' Passenger Brenda Walsh-Matias said people were 'vomiting all over the boat.' The cruise was at the end of its 14-day journey when it sailed into winter storm. The 'bomb cyclone' storm dumped heavy snow and ice across the Northeast.
Explainer: "bomb cyclones" – the intense winter storms that hit the US (and Australia too)
The eastern United States experienced a very severe winter storm last week, which caused damaging winds, heavy snow and the highest tide on record for Boston. Meteorologists call this type of storm a “bomb cyclone”, or simply a “bomb”. But what is it ...
Panicking residents clear supermarket shelves in preparation for destructive 130km/h winds as tropical cyclone bears down
Police have warned Western Australia residents not to hold 'cyclone parties.' The state's north is bracing for its second monster storm in just two weeks. Controversial trend sees residents bunker indoors stockpiled with alcohol. Locals put on notice as Tropical Cyclone Joyce approaches town of Broome. Supermarkets are running low on stock as locals prepare for the cyclone.
Cyclone Ava kills at least 29 in Madagascar
A statement by the National Bureau for Risk and Catastrophe Management said that 22 people were still missing by Monday. Overall, Ava affected more than 83,000 people. The cyclone struck the eastern part of Madagascar the hardest. There, towns flooded and buildings collapsed. Roads were also damaged and communications were knocked out. "There was a huge amount of rainfall and very strong winds. As a result, houses have collapsed and buildings have fallen on top of people," Samantha Cameron, an aid worker, told Al Jazeera from the southcentral city of Fianarantsoa.
Bomb cyclone: What is the shocking-sounding storm sweeping the US, and how long will the chilly weather last? - The Independent
"Bombogenesis is the technical term. Bomb cyclone is a shortened version of it, better for social media," said Weather.US meteorologist Ryan Maue, who helped popularize polar vortex in 2014. "The actual impacts aren't going to be a bomb at all," Maue said. "There's nothing exploding or detonating." Storm intensity is measured by central pressure — the lower the pressure, the stronger. A storm is considered a "bomb" when the pressure drops rapidly — at least 24 millibars in 24 hours.
Snow tapers off but Northeast still dealing with cold, icy streets
Frigid water poured into the streets of some coastal New England cities Thursday, as a bomb cyclone pounded the region with record-high tides and blinding snow. "Stay away from the coasts," the National Weather Service in Boston tweeted. On Thursday afternoon, the tide gauge at Boston Harbor matched its record at 15.1 feet -- previously set during the blizzard of 1978. In Hull, Massachusetts, just to the southeast of Boston, the icy mess inundated street with water above the wheel wells of cars and coming up to the doors of homes.
WATCH: Bomb cyclone winter storm – New York bound plane forced to abort landing
New York has been hit by a bomb cyclone winter storm. Several flights have been diverted, causing widespead chaos. Passenger Manoel Gerlach took a video of his Singapore Airlines flight after it was diverted. A bomb cyclone winter storm is associated with extremely strong winds.
The "Bomb Cyclone" Has Put a Freeze on the Power Supply in Parts of the East Coast
A severe winter storm froze pipes and disrupted services at refineries on the U.S. Atlantic coast on Thursday, sending fuel prices higher as heavy snowfall and high winds caused electricity outages for almost 80,000 homes and businesses. The only nuclear plant in Massachusetts was shut just after 2 p.m. because of the failure of a line that connects the reactor to the power grid. Entergy Corp, which operates the Pilgrim Station, said it had not identified the cause of the line problem. ISO New England, which operates the region’s power grid, attributed the shutdown to blizzard conditions. The company did not say when the station would restart.
A "bomb cyclone" flooded downtown Boston and trapped cars in ice — here's what it looked like on the ground
After a massive Nor'easter hit Boston, Massachusetts on Thursday, water flooded the city's downtown. The icy floodwater submerged roads, forced some people to evacuate their residences, and prompted first responders to rescue those trapped in their cars. And on Friday morning, some residents of Revere, Massachusetts — a Boston suburb — woke up to their cars frozen in ice. Adam Abougalala, who lives in Revere, posted the following video, which shows frozen water that reached the wheel wells of cars parked along the street.
"Bomb cyclone" is gone, but bitter cold remains
The ferocious "bomb cyclone" that hammered the East Coast with snow, ice, and wind Thursday may be gone, but in its place a blast of intense, Arctic cold has arrived. Dangerously low wind chill temperatures will continue over the next couple of days ...
"Bomb cyclone": Explosive winter storm hits US
A severe winter storm is hitting eastern North America, extending a cold snap that has already claimed 11 lives. Forecasters say a severe pressure drop has led to an explosive winter storm along the eastern US, and has already brought snow to Florida. The US is currently on its 11th day of record-breaking frigid temperatures which began around Christmas. But the predicted new storm has led meteorologists to deploy a new term - bomb cyclone.
Storm Grayson map: Where will the bomb cyclone hit the USA today?
The weather bomb is forecast to push northwards, reaching New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts and Maine today and into Friday. Latest maps show that people living between Boston, Bangor and Caribou face up to 18 inches of snow by the end of Friday. Meanwhile, Washington DC is expected to receive as much as eight inches and Charleston could still get another 4-6 inches.
"Bomb Cyclone" Winter Storm Was Best Seen From Space
What we might have just called a powerful Nor'easter in the past goes by the more colorful and ominous name "Bomb Cyclone" today. That is actually a real meteorological term, as my colleague Dennis Mersereau explained earlier. While the powerful winter storm may not have blown anything up just yet, it did bring the storm surges you'd expect to see from a hurricane. Parts of coastal New England saw flooding and the storm generated the odd spectacle of "thundersnow" near Providence, Rhode Island, as captured in the below radar image from Baron.
"It Will Be Noteworthy." Here"s What"s Coming Next From the "Bomb Cyclone" Winter Storm
After the fast-moving weather system pushes off toward Nova Scotia, freezing temperatures building up across Canada will rush into the central and eastern parts of the U.S., said David Hamrick of the U.S. Weather Prediction Center in College Park, Maryland. “It will be noteworthy,” he said. “We will see records.” The storm has continued to grow increasingly powerful in a process called bombogenesis — known to some as a bomb cyclone — which occurs when a system’s central air pressure drops 24 millibars in 24 hours.
Storm Eleanor CYCLONE warning: UK faces Category 1 level storm and 105kph winds
Gusts of up to 90mph ripped through the entire country overnight putting the nation on alert for falling trees, flying debris, flooding and power cuts. Worrying weather charts showed the storm, a deep area of low pressure in the Atlantic, strengthening as it hurtles towards the UK. The European Joint Cyclone Centre predicted maximum gusts of 105kph as Eleanor strengthened to a Category-3 storm overnight. The Met Office at 6pm last night upgraded its weather warning to Amber for the north of England. Between 7.30pm last night and 4am on this morning strong winds blasted Northern Ireland and England.
The "bomb cyclone" heading for the eastern US – is that even a thing?
Experts said that while the term explosive cyclogenesis was “probably a better option” when describing the phenomenon behind a bomb cyclone, mentions of bombs and explosive impacts have been common for decades among meteorologists. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration defines the “bomb” phenomenon as being a mid-latitude cyclone that rapidly intensifies as cold air collides with warm air, typically over warmer ocean waters. This process causes a steep drop in atmospheric pressure of at least 24 millibars over 24 hours.
Extreme Temperatures
How Australia's extreme heat might be here to stay
While it is record-breaking that tends to make news, scientists say it is the unbroken run of hot days in the high 30s and 40s that causes the significant problems for human health, and other life. Health officials in Victoria highlighted the threat of heatwaves when they found about 374 more people died during an extreme three-day period in January 2009 than would have been expected had it been cooler. There has, however, been relatively little investment in research into the health impact of escalating maximum temperatures. A paper published in the journal Nature Climate Change last year said while a government report called for greater focus on the area 25 years ago, less than 0.1% of health funding since has been dedicated to the impact of climate change.
Extreme weather forces changes at Australian national championships
Expected temperatures in the high 30's have forced changes to the Saturday programme for the Australian national championships. The schedule for the day's racing: a Gran Fondo, men’s and women's U19 road races, and the U23 men's road race in Buninyong – had previously been adjusted but now further changes have been made to combat the expected heat.
Hottest global five-year period in recorded history confirmed by Aussie scientists
The last five years have been the hottest on earth since records began, Australia's Climate Council has confirmed. Data released by the Climate Council and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revealed that the global average temperature between 2013 and 2017 were the highest in any five-year period since global temperature has been tracked. Will Steffen, a Climate Council scientist, said that 2017 was the third-warmest year on record an the warmest where temperatures were not boosted by an El Nino event in the southern Pacific. The findings mean that 17 of world's 18 warmest years have occurred this century. "Temperatures and extreme weather records have toppled one after the other around the globe in 2017," Steffen said in a media release on Friday.
World entering "critical period of intensified risks" in 2018, WEF says
WEF's latest Global Risks Report 2018, published Wednesday, showed that environmental disasters, cybercrime, large-scale involuntary migration and illicit trade were among the most notable risks, in terms of likelihood, facing the world this year. As with previous reports, the top-ranking global risk in terms of impact was the use of weapons of mass destruction. But this was followed in the table of top 10 risks by three environmental risks: Extreme weather events, natural disasters and a failure of climate-change mitigation and adaptation.
2017, a year of extreme disasters, was also one of the hottest on record
Throughout 2017, extreme weather events reached epic proportions: In January, the Arctic and Australia suffered serious heat waves that melted ice caps and cut power to 40,000 homes. By February, droughts dried out Somalia and lasted the full year. And ...
Extreme weather a factor in 2015 mass death of saiga antelopes
Unusually high temperatures helped contribute to the dramatic sudden death of more than 200,000 "critically endangered" saiga antelopes in Central Asia's remote Steppe grassland in 2015, according to a new study. Over the course of three weeks in May 2015, a bacterial disease caused blood poisoning and wiped out more than 80 percent of the saiga population in Kazakhstan's Betpak-Dala region. In some herds, not a single animal survived.
Animals Are Shrinking and Freezing to Death in a Changing Arctic
To understand how extreme weather may be hitting these massive creatures, the scientists, like their subjects, huddled in the dark through good weather and bad, taking photographs and notes. They tracked animal sizes and weather events and used ...
Scientists refine climate models, link human activities to extreme weather
A related advance has been in the science of event attribution, which seeks to determine whether individual severe weather events that have already occurred may have been caused or exacerbated by human activities. In the field of event attribution, Princeton University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration accurately predicted that the burning of fossil fuels would lead to an increase in destructive cyclones in the Arabian Sea by 2015. This marks one of the first instances that modeled climate predictions have been verified by recorded weather events.
There have been some weird weather events so far this year
We're less than two weeks into 2018, and already we’ve had more than our fair share of strange weather events. This week, for example, we were flooded with the strange sight of snow on the red dunes of the Sahara desert. According to local news reports, around 15 inches of snow fell in some northwestern parts of Algeria last weekend. Although the sight is extremely striking, geologist Stefan Kröpelin told the New York Times that it’s possible that it’s not that rare, as there are parts of the Sahara desert that aren’t frequently monitored.
Looming Landslide Stokes Fears, May Help Disaster Predictions
Landslides occur daily around the world and kill thousands of people each year. Many are fast and furious, occurring without much warning. These are usually triggered by natural disasters: In the months since Hurricane Maria ravaged Puerto Rico more than 50,000 landslides occurred across the island, and the rain hitting To help provide early warnings about precarious hillsides in the future, the USGS is planning to collect LiDAR data that would allow them to peer beneath vegetation in search of any ground deformation. NASA also plans to launch (pdf) a satellite in 2020 that will allow the agency to identify and track subtle movements of Earth’s surface. “That may revolutionize monitoring landslide activity across the country and the globe,” Godt says. Meanwhile in Yakima County, officials are placing heavy barriers between the major highway and millions of cubic yards of moving rock and earth. Just in case.
Humans Did Not Cause the US Cold Snap
The cold snap that sent temperatures plunging last week and brought the most frigid new year in recorded history, in some places, had nothing to do with climate change, according to a new study. In recent years, climate scientists have studied the connection between global warming and freezing temperatures. They are examining how shifting air patterns over the Arctic, and their incursion into North America and Europe, are connected to climate change. But the two-week deep freeze didn't carry the hallmarks of human activity, according to a rapid attribution study from Climate Central, a science communication project based in Princeton, N.J. World Weather Attribution, a group of international researchers, performed the analysis.
Scientists can now quickly link extreme weather events to climate change
The United States is in the middle of a deep cold snap, and meteorologists are saying that a “bomb cyclone” — essentially a freezing hurricane — will hit parts of the East Coast tonight. It's a weather cycle that's prompted a number of climate change ...
A "Bomb Cyclone" Forming off the East Coast Could Bring the Coldest Temperatures in 100 Years
Meteorologists are calling the event Winter Storm Grayson, and they say it could bring snow to the Southeast on Wednesday, as well as possible blizzard conditions to the Northeast Wednesday night and Thursday. After the wet winter weather passes, the cold air would make the east coast even more miserable. Boston, for instance, could see its coldest week in 100 years.
Scientists Can Now Blame Individual Natural Disasters on Climate Change
Over the last few years, dozens of studies have investigated the influence of climate change on events ranging from the Russian heat wave of 2010 to the California drought, evaluating the extent to which global warming has made them more severe or more likely to occur. The Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society now issues a special report each year assessing the impact of climate change on the previous year's extreme events. Interest in the field has grown so much that the National Academy of Sciences released an in-depth report last year evaluating the current state of the science and providing recommendations for its improvement.
First in Science: Report on 2016 Extreme Weather Confirms Human Impact on Climate
In December, scientists released a report that determined some extreme weather events from 2016 would not have been possible without human-caused climate change. The new report from the American Meteorological Society contains 27 peer-reviewed analyses of extreme weather events from across the world. Scientists have long documented that human activities are increasing the risks of extreme weather events. However this is the first time that scientists have determined certain extreme weather events were not possible without human influence making it clear we are creating a new climate.
2017 Was The Year Of Extreme Weather
This year will go down in history for its extreme weather. Researchers have now definitively attributed three major extreme weather events to climate change. The average temperature around the globe in 2016. It was 1.7 degrees Fahrenheit above the average in the 20th century. And that is just enormous. The second one - extreme heat waves in Asia, especially India and Pakistan. Hundreds of people died. The temperatures were just beyond belief. And the third one - one not noticed that much - but something called the blob, which was a section of water in the Bering Sea off the coast of Alaska that was just unusually warm - again, so warm that it's just beyond what could be modeled as being - as happening in a natural world.
Three Observations About Conversations On The Extreme Cold Weather This Week
Much of the U.S. is experiencing an Arctic air mass. Climatologist Brian Brettschneider, one of my favorite Follows on Twitter, tweeted that "the last four runs of the GFS (one of the U.S. weather models) show the eastern half of the Lower 48 ringing in the New Year with the lowest average temperature in at least 70 years – edging out 1977 by just over 2°F." Brettschneider also messaged to point out that areas west of 100°W will be about 1 degree F above the 1948-2017 average according to the GFS.
From "angry summer" to "weird winter": 2017 was riddled with extreme weather
As the year draws to a close, it remains on track to become the third hottest year on record and the hottest in a non-El Nino year. Despite the United States and Europe continuing their decade-long decline in greenhouse gas pollution, Australia has been missing in action. Australia’s pollution has been rising year on year since March 2015. This pollution is contributing to driving worsening extreme weather here and around the world.
Global warming fuelled five extreme weather events
In a new collection of papers published last Wednesday in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, researchers around the world analysed 27 extreme weather events from 2016 and found that human-caused climate change was a “significant driver” for 21 of them. The effort is part of the growing field of climate change attribution, which explores connections between warming and weather events that have already happened.
Will the weather get worse in 2018? What the experts say
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC, an international body set up to assess the science of climate change, we can continue to expect an increase in the average global temperature. That means we will be experiencing warmer years in the future. But at the same time, we may see changes to the extremes, which could become more frequent in the case of high temperature or heavy rainfall, or less frequent in the case of extreme cold. This means that the distribution, occurrence and expected averages of our weather (for example, temperature and rain) throughout the year may change, resulting in warmer years on average with more extreme hot days, and fewer extreme cold days in the future.
DONE Earthquakes, Volcanoes Shake Opposite Ends of Pacific
A series of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions jolted locations on opposite ends of the Pacific Ocean Tuesday. The U.S. Geological Survey says a massive 8.2 magnitude earthquake struck about 280 kilometers southeast of Alaska's Kodiak Island, initially ...
DONE Alaska Earthquake: "Ring of Fire" earthquake zone will shake planet to its core
The Ring of Fire is the largest and most active fault line in the world, stretching from New Zealand, all around the east coast of Asia, over to Canada and the USA and all the way down to the southern tip of South America. And with the current spate of catastrophic quakes, people around the globe are worried that more devastation is on the way.
6.3-Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Mexico's Gulf of California
A 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck offshore in Mexico's Gulf of California on Friday morning, but there were no immediate reports of damage. The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was centered about 48 miles (78 kilometers) north-northeast of Loreto, in the waters between the states of Baja California Sur and Sonora. The USGS reported that it struck at a depth of 6 miles (10 kilometers). The area is a desert coastline dotted with small towns and fishing villages popular with U.S. tourists who park their recreational vehicles at seaside campsites.
Mexico earthquakes: Thousands of people homeless
More than 32 years ago thousands of people lost their homes after a massive earthquake in Mexico City. Today, hundreds are still living in temporary camps and others have only recently been re-housed in permanent homes. In September last year, the list of those looking for a home grew even longer when another big quake struck Mexico City.
Did Michigan Meteor Really Cause an Earthquake?
"There's no way to translate the actual energy from an air blast into seismometers," a spokesperson said. "They're not designed to measure vibrations coming from the air." In fact, given that the event wasn't a real earthquake, "I'm not sure why we even have it up there," he joked. "We just put it out there because we saw reports coming into our system about some vibrations in Michigan." So far, 330 people have reported feeling the ground shake on the "Did You Feel It?" USGS website.
Fox Creek earthquakes linked to completion volume and location of hydraulic fracturing
The volume of hydraulic fracturing fluid and the location of well pads control the frequency and occurrence of measurable earthquakes, new Alberta Geological Survey and UAlberta research has found. "If there is a pre-existing fault, but you're not connected to it by some sort of fluid pathway, you can hydraulically fracture the formation, and you're probably not going to cause a significant earthquake," said Schultz. "It's conceptually quite simple, but actually determining those things underground is really hard to do in practice."
Debunking the Myth That Earthquakes and Full Moons Are Linked
To analyze the supposed link, Susan Hough, a seismologist at the United States Geological Survey, scrutinized 204 earthquakes of magnitude 8 or greater over the past four centuries. She then matched those earthquakes to the lunar calendar and found that no more occurred during a full or new moon than on any other day of the lunar cycle. “The lore that the big earthquakes happen during the full moon — there’s no support for that in the catalog,” Dr. Hough said.
Earthquake in Öræfajökull last night
An earthquake measuring 3.2 occurred at 02:14 AM in the North Eastern part of Öræfajökull volcano. There are no signs of an eruption according to the Iceland Met Office. Last week, 220 earthquakes were detected using the SIL seismis system at the Iceland Met Office. The week before, 500 earthquakes were detected.
Minor earthquake strikes Missouri Bootheel — again
Another minor earthquake has struck the Missouri Bootheel area, only two days after the last one. The U.S. Geological Survey reported a 2.7 magnitude earthquake at about 2 p.m. Thursday near Malden, Missouri. The earthquake was felt in Missouri and Tennessee, according to KFVS. A 3.6-magnitude earthquake was recorded Tuesday, felt in Caruthersville and Kennett, Missouri. Malden is only about 40 miles from Caruthersville.
Analysis And Simulation Of Earthquake Ground Motion Records
There are series of oceanic trenches and volcanic belts due to the plate movements. Another of the most seismically active regions (5-6% of the total number of earthquakes) is the Alpide belt, which ranges from the Mediterranean in the west to the Himalayas in the east). Turkey and Iran are located in the western part of the Alpide belt while northern India is on its eastern part.
That giant fireball in Michigan last night did not trigger an earthquake
What the USGS had actually confirmed was that their instruments picked up tremors roughly equivalent to what they would register during a magnitude 2.0 earthquake. Seismometers are designed to detect vibrations in the ground coming from areas—usually ...
Earthquake shakes Greece with tremors felt in Athens
Greece is prone to earthquakes. Most cause no serious damage, but a 5.9-magnitude quake near Athens in 1999 killed 143 people. The quake came as protesters clashed with police outside Greece’s parliament over the government’s plans to implement further austerity measures and restrictions on workers’ right to strike.
EARTHQUAKE WARNING: West coast USA could "suffer magnitude 9 Big One within weeks"
The Netherlands based Frank Hoogerbeets, who uses astrology to warn of disasters, has issued an online warning about what he sees as the risk of a major earthquake in February or March. In a YouTube video Mr Hoogerbeets says the disaster will be ...
Deadly earthquake shakes southern Peru
Two people were killed when a 7.1-magnitude earthquake shook Peru on Sunday, according to a regional governor. One of the two victims was a 55-year-old man crushed by a rock in Yauca, tweeted Yamila Osorio, governor of the Arequipa region in southern Peru. The other victim died in the same region, Hernando Tavera, president of the Geophysics Institute of Peru, told TV Peru, without providing further details. At least 65 people have been injured in the cities of Arequipa, Ica and Ayacucho, also in southern Peru, the National Civil Defense Institute reported.
3.9-magnitude earthquake hits small town in Myanmar's Yangon
A 3.9-magnitude earthquake hit Htantabin town in Myanmar's Yangon region on Saturday afternoon, according to a press release from the Meteorology and Hydrology Department. The earthquake struck at 02:49:52 p.m. local time. The epicenter was 3.2 km southeast of Htantabin.Meanwhile, an earthquake of 6.0-magnitude struck in the early hours on Friday with its epicenter being at 27.3 km west-southwest of Phyu city in Bago region. So far, there have been several aftershocks since Friday's earthquake, a department official told Xinhua.
8 Earthquakes Strike Along Iran-Iraq Border
A series of eight earthquakes hit the Iran-Iraq border area and rattled even Baghdad and parts of the Iraqi countryside on Thursday, apparently aftershocks of a temblor in November that killed over 530 people. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage. The U.S. Geological Survey said seven of the quakes struck near the Iraqi city of Mandali and an eighth struck near Mehran in western Iran. All struck within an hour of each other, beginning at 0659 GMT. Seven had a preliminary magnitude of at least 5, while the eighth earthquake was a magnitude 4. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 and up to 5.9 are classified as moderate.
Caribbean struck by huge 7.6 magnitude earthquake off coast of Honduras
One of the strongest earthquakes to hit the Caribbean in modern times struck off the coast of Honduras on Tuesday night, shaking the mainland and setting off tsunami warnings that were cancelled about an hour later. There were no early reports of serious damage or casualties on land after the quake struck shortly before 10pm EST. Officials in Honduras said shaking was registered across much of the nation and there were some reports of cracks in homes in Colon and Atlantida provinces along the northern coast and Olancho in eastern Honduras.
Powerful 4.5-Magnitude Earthquake Rattles California's Bay Area Today
Residents of the bay area of California were shaken awake today as a result of a strong 4.5-magnitude earthquake. The earthquake was centered below Berkeley, California and was a result of movement along the Hayward fault, according to the USGS.
Powerful earthquakes to ravage Earth in 2018 as planet"s rotation temporarily slows
The world is entering a period of higher seismic activity this year that will bring more earthquakes with it, scientists have predicted. While that's undoubtedly bad news for those living within affected areas, the ability to accurately predict when and where earthquakes will occur is growing all the time. This prediction comes from the fact that the Earth is currently experiencing a periodic slowdown of its rotation. Historically, these slowdowns have coincided with peak times for earthquakes and seismic activity. "So far we have only had about six severe earthquakes [in 2017]. We could easily have 20-a-year starting in 2018,” said Dr Roger Bilham from the University of Colorado.
Does the Moon's Phase Cause Earthquakes?
Scientists have wondered whether there might be some connection between the moon and quakes since the 1800s, reports Rebecca Boyle at The Atlantic. In 2004, USGS analysis suggested there was a very small increase in the number of earthquakes in deep ocean basins during low tide. And in 2016, a study by researchers at the University of Tokyo found that some of the largest recent earthquakes—including the 2004 Sumatra quake, the 2010 quake in Chile and the 2011 Tohoku-Oki off the coast of Japan—all occurred during close to times of peak tidal stress. But the study’s authors were careful to not infer that one necessarily caused the other. ​
Earthquake Swarm in US City Has Lasted 7 Days Straight—What"s Going On?
In the past month, parts of Reno, Nevada, have experienced a total of 274 known earthquakes. But if you're surprised you haven't heard about them by now, consider that the vast majority of those have been truly tiny tremors—just five of those quakes have been stronger than a magnitude 2.0, which means they've mostly been too gentle to feel. Some have even been so tiny that seismological networks haven't even alerted scientists there has been a quake. Instead, they've pored through data to identify the small quivers.
Volcanic Activity
Geology Makes the Mayon Volcano Visually Spectacular—And Dangerously Explosive
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology raised the alert status for Mount Mayon to a 4 on a scale of 5, which means “hazardous eruption is imminent.” Officials strongly discourage civilians from going within 5 miles of Mayon’s summit.
VIDEO: Drone Captures the Activity of the Impressive Turrialba Volcano in Costa Rica
“We visited the peak of the Turrialba Volcano between the month of December 2017 and the first two weeks of January 2018 to work on taking samples of ash expelled recently and carry out measurements of the activity of the active crater. The activity is dominated by an intense degasification of the active crater, with sporadic explosions every 30 minutes to an hour. During this emanations, particles of ashes are released that reach heights of more than 300 meters above the crater. In the field we can clearly see a series of phreatic volcanic deposits, phreatomagmatic –strombolianic (eruptions resulting from interaction between water and magma and mildly explosive), generated since October 2014 and to date. In our visits we observed several explosions of superficial origin, through a camera installed on a drone."
Kadovar volcano (Papua New Guinea): eruption continues to be intense
According to the Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO), a short lava flow is descending on the island volcano's flank, but it is unclear whether it has reached the ocean. A seismometer has been installed on the island and is detecting ongoing tremor indicating the continued rise of magma. Emissions of sulfur dioxide also remain high, suggesting that magma supply remains significant. How the eruption evolves is impossible to predict, but due to its vicinity to the sea water, the risk of large phreatomagmatic explosions (caused when water gets in contact with magma) and potential tsunamis that could be triggered in this scenario is elevated. It will depend very much on the available amount of eruptible magma still stored inside the volcano's plumbing system.
Scientist says volcano could erupt in Papua New Guinea soon
Seismic activity beneath a Papua New Guinea volcano could mean that a major eruption was imminent, a scientist said Thursday. Thousands of people have been evacuated from islands surrounding Kadovar Island off the South Pacific nation's north coast since a volcano there began erupting on Jan. 5, spouting ash. Flights nearby have been canceled due to the risk posed by ash plumes and ships were warned to stay away from the island. Steve Saunders, principal geodetic surveyor at the Rabaul Volcano Observatory in Papua New Guinea, said seismic activity had recently increased beneath the volcano. "The reason we're getting activity is probably because new magma is moving up from deeper down," Saunders told Australian Broadcasting Corp.
Erupting volcano forces 34000 to flee Philippine villages
Glowing-red lava spurted in a fountain and flowed down the Philippines' most active volcano. The eruption has sent more than 34,000 villagers fleeing to safety and prompted police to set up checkpoints to stop tourists from getting too close. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said the lava flowed as much as two kilometres (1.2 miles) from the often cloud-shrouded crater of Mount Mayon, while ash fell on several villages in northeastern Albay province.
Philippines: Thousands flee as volcano readies to blow
A restive volcano on the brink of a major explosion has forced more than 37,000 people to flee their homes. Mount Mayon, about 500km southeast of the capital, Manila, has spewed ash and streamed lava since Sunday, and authorities are bracing for a major eruption. The local volcanology agency has hoisted the third of a five-tier alert warning system, which means the volcano may be ripe for a "magmatic" eruption in a matter of weeks, or even days.
Here are the six hottest volcanoes to watch in 2018
The eruption of Mount Agung on the island of Bali has sparked worldwide media interest, yet volcanic eruptions in Indonesia are nothing new. Of the country’s 139 “active” volcanoes, 18 currently have raised alert levels, signifying higher than normal seismic activity, ground deformation or gas emissions. On a global scale, in any week in 2017, there were at least between 14 and 27 volcanoes erupting.
Mount Etna may not be a "real" volcano and "could be closer to a giant hot spring"
Etna, one of the world’s biggest and most powerful volcanoes, may have more in common with a giant hot spring than a volcano, a scientist has claimed. Long classed as a stratovolcano, the 3,350 metre-high mountain on the popular holiday island of Sicily also spews out some seven million tonnes of steam, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide every year. In a report published in the New Scientist, Professor Ferlito explains the widely-believed theory that the steam, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide produced from Etna's eruptions are released from magma as it rises to the surface. But he questions the validity of this conventional explanation, arguing for it to be true, Mount Etna would need to erupt ten times more lava than it already does.
New Eruption at Turrialba Volcano Costa Rica
The latest report from the National University’s Volcanology and Seismology Research Institute (OVSICORI) states that in the past 24 hours the activity in the Turrialba Volcano has been low except in the early hours of this Tuesday when seismic activity was registered between 4 and 4:30 a.m., wish coincides with the emanations of ash that were dispersed to the southwest of the volcano. The Rincon de la Vieja Volcano in Guanacaste also registered some low seismic activity as well as the Tenorio Volcano, area that has recently been affected by an earthquake swarm which caused last week the change of coloration of the Rio Celeste River, however, OVSICORI confirms the latest activity hasn’t affected the river color again.
Volcano in Papua New Guinea little known, hard to predict
People in Papua New Guinea are being warned that an eruption of a volcano in the South Pacific nation could also cause a tsunami. The volcano on small Kadovar Island has been erupting for more than a week, forcing 700 people to leave that island and 3,000 to be evacuated from nearby Biem Island. Flights in the area have been canceled due to the risk posed by the ash plumes. Chris Firth, a volcano expert from the Department of Earth and Planetary Science at Australia's Macquarie University, said Tuesday the steepness of the volcano meant an eruption may trigger landslides into the sea, which could create a tsunami. The volcano was also not well-studied so its activity would be harder to predict.
We All Nearly Missed The Largest Underwater Volcano Eruption Ever Recorded
The Kiwi passenger emailed photos of the strange ocean slick to scientists, who realised what it was – a raft of floating rock spewed from an underwater volcano, produced in the largest eruption of its kind ever recorded. "We knew it was a large-scale eruption, approximately equivalent to the biggest eruption we've seen on land in the 20th Century," says volcanologist Rebecca Carey from the University of Tasmania, who's co-led the first close-up investigation of the historic 2012 eruption. The incident, produced by a submarine volcano called the Havre Seamount, initially went unnoticed by scientists, but the floating rock platform it generated was harder to miss.
12000 flee as Philippines warns of volcano eruption
The crater of a rumbling Philippine volcano was glowing bright red Monday, with vulcanologists warning it could erupt within days, sending thousands fleeing from their homes. Volcanic earthquakes and rockfalls have shaken the summit of Mayon over the last 24 hours, after a number of steam-driven eruptions, scientists said. More than 12,000 people have been ordered to leave a seven-kilometre (four-mile) evacuation zone, and there are warnings of destructive mudflows and toxic clouds. "It is dangerous for families to stay in that radius and inhale ash," Claudio Yucot, head of the region's office of civil defence, told AFP.
Watch: Drones give closer view of active volcano
With the help of drones, researchers are investigating an active Nicaraguan volcano that could pose a hazard to millions of people. Masaya volcano is located in an active volcanic and seismic zone and is nearby Managua, Nicaragua’s capital. The researchers are using many methods, including drones, to study how the volcano and surrounding earth are changing over time. The drones are able to capture high-quality video footage and travel to places inaccessible to humans.
Visit to Biggest Underwater Volcano in Last 100 Years Reveals Deep Sea Mystery
Scientists knew something strange happened when they heard reports of a raft of floating rock near New Zealand back in 2012. That raft eventually grew to around 150 square miles—remains of the largest underwater volcanic eruption in the 20th or 21st century to date, bigger even than Mount St. Helens. But when researchers actually visited the Havre volcano, it was nothing like they expected. Instead of the explosive, underwater Krakatoa-type eruption expected, they found signs of slower-moving lava flows... and realized that a whole lot of data they could have been using literally floated away.
Volcano erupts in Indonesia's Bali, airport remains safe
The latest eruption of Mount Agung occurred at 5:54 p.m. local time (0954 GMT) Thursday. The volcano that has been active since September last year blasted back smoke, billowing 2,500 meters high into the air. Land tremors were also felt during the eruption, which lasted 130 seconds, the agency said. Rain of ash was reported to be affecting villages not far from the volcano summit as the eruption column was 2.5 km high, the agency said.
Surprise awakening of Papua New Guinea volcano forces evacuations
An island volcano in Papua New Guinea has begun spewing ash into the air, forcing the evacuation of more than 500 residents, media and non-profit groups have said. Kadovar Island, a 365 metre tall volcanic island just north-east of PNG, was thought to be dormant until it began erupting on 5 January. “It’s just a continuous emission of volcanic ash at the moment,” said Cheyne O’Brien, a forecaster at the Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre.
Highway closures from wildfires help push Prince George airport to record year
Prince George's airport had its busiest year in 2017, driven by passengers trying to bypass wildfires and new flights to Edmonton, Alta., and Dawson Creek, B.C. The biggest increases came in July and August, which saw passenger traffic increase by 18 and 21 per cent over the same month in 2016, respectively. They were also the months that saw B.C. encounter its worst wildfire season on record, with thousands of evacuees from the Cariboo region forced into Prince George because highways further south were closed for weeks at a time.
California Today: Price Gouging Complaints After the Wildfires
The wildfires that have swept through California have led to numerous complaints about landlords drastically raising prices or evicting tenants to capitalize on rising demand. This has prompted Gov. Jerry Brown to impose a six-month ban on rent increases in excess of 10 percent, while Attorney General Xavier Becerra has warned against all forms of price gouging.
Australia: Hundreds saved from wildfires in Royal National Park
Firefighters have rescued hundreds of hikers and tourists from Australia's Royal National Park after wildfires ravaged the national park south of Sydney. One out-of-control fire was still burning in the park on Sunday, the New South Wales Rural Fire Service said, adding that people still in the vicinity should stay informed about wildfire conditions. More than 100 firefighters — with the help of water bombers and aircraft — responded to two blazes that have destroyed over 600 hectares of land in the 15,000-hectare park. They extinguished a smaller fire on Saturday, but worked through the night to Sunday to contain the spread of the larger fire.
Officials predict more wildfires for Kansas in 2018
The central and southern Plains, including western and southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma and most of Texas, face an elevated threat of wildfires through April. The prediction comes from Kansas State University scientists and a government organization that assesses risks, the Wichita Eagle reported. The warning issued earlier this week comes after back-to-back years of the worst wildfires in Kansas history. The fires burned thousands of acres and destroyed homes, cattle, fences and power lines. More than 700,000 acres burned in more than 20 counties last March.
State will not appeal FEMA denial for wildfire assistance
State emergency managers said they won’t appeal the federal government’s decision to deny millions of dollars in additional aid to deal with Montana’s historic 2017 wildfire season. Governor Steve Bullock sent a letter in November asking President Donald Trump to declare a major disaster in the state, in response to the dozens of major fires and thousands of smaller ones that burned across Montana last summer. That declaration would have given the state access to about $44 million dollars in federal aid. But last month, administrators with the Federal Emergency Management Agency denied the request, saying the damage wasn’t so severe and so extensive that it was beyond the state’s ability to respond to it.
100 Million Dead Trees Prompt Fears of Giant Wildfires
The more than 100 million trees that died in California after being weakened by drought and insect infestations have transformed large swaths of the Sierra Nevada into browned-out tree cemeteries. In some areas more than 90 percent of trees are dead.This week a group of scientists warned in the journal BioScience that the dead trees could produce wildfires on a scale and of an intensity that California has never seen.
NE Florida wildfire season is coming as Forestry Service does prescribed burns to head it off
The heat’s been on in some state forests in Northeast Florida lately, despite the frigid temperatures of recent weeks. State forestry crews have been systematically burning dead underbrush in an effort to prevent wildfires over the next few months. The hazard reduction burns were done in recent days after forestry firefighters fought 49 wildfires in Florida in the first week of 2018, a number that jumped to 97 as of Wednesday. Due to two periods of hard freezes that killed grass and trees, the wildfire danger index for Duval and Nassau counties is “high,” with St. Johns, Clay and Putnam in the “moderate” range, Florida Forest Service wildfire mitigation specialist Annaleasa Winter said.
Wine Country Wildfire Survivors Victimized by Skyrocketing Rents, Evictions
Some survivors of the wine country wildfires are being evicted from their homes after sharp rent increases. Evictions in burn-affected areas are up – and up dramatically. The wine country wildfires killed 24 and displaced thousands more.
After wildfires, it gets tougher to insure a home in California
California suffered record-breaking wildfires last year and now insurers are taking a harder look at fire risk. Urban areas are increasingly getting considered as a fire hazard. Insurers refused to renew thousands of policies in fire areas after previous disasters. A proposed state bill would limit insurers' ability to cut coverage in areas after a wildfire disaster.
Wildfires bust Routt County's budget
After spending more than $80,000 fighting wildfires in 2017, Routt County commissioners are studying how the county can more effectively spend that money to improve the county’s five rural fire protection districts. The county had budgeted $31,000 to fight wildfires, but spent $83,028. Emergency Management Director David “Mo” DeMorat believes the county and the rural fire protection districts in Steamboat Springs, North Routt, Yampa, West Routt and Oak Creek can realize greater long-term benefits by instead spending that money on upgrading the effectiveness of their volunteer firefighters and the tools available to them.
Cars in Northern California burn zones inspected to prevent fraud
Thousands of cars destroyed in Northern California during the October wildfires are being identified and having their state records updated this month as part of an effort spearheaded by the California Department of Motor Vehicles in partnership with local law enforcement agencies. The DMV announced Thursday it hopes by the end of this month to have finished examining an estimated 4,000 destroyed vehicles burned during the fires, most of them in Sonoma County. DMV investigators are working with the CHP, the Sonoma County Sheriff’s Office and the Santa Rosa Police Department on the operation, which began Jan. 11 at the direction of state emergency officials.
Napa's Sen. Dodd introduces bill to reduce wildfires from downed power lines
Sen. Bill Dodd has introduced a bill to reduce the risk of wildfires caused by downed power lines. The bill requires electric utilities to adopt comprehensive policies and procedures for proactively de-energizing power lines during extreme weather. “This last fire season underscored the need to think innovatively and proactively about fire prevention,” said Dodd, D-Napa. “We know downed power lines have caused devastating fires in the past, and we need electric utilities and the Public Utilities Commission to plan ahead and implement best practices.
Officials predict another bad year in Kansas for wildfires
This could be another bad year for wildfires in Kansas. That warning issued earlier this week comes after back to back years of the worst wildfires in state history, which burned thousands of acres and destroyed homes, cattle, fences and powerlines. “We’re setting up for about the same thing again this spring,” Comanche County Fire Chief Greg Ellis said. “Everybody’s nervous.”
How to save your town from wildfires
Given that global warming will intensify the problem, it may even be worth thinking in terms of managed retreat, gradually abandoning some of the highest-risk areas as we recognize that the cost of trying to protect them doesn't make financial or ecological sense. There are no simple solutions to the growing threat of wildfires in a warming world, but communities can take steps to protect themselves with a flexible, science-based, and collaborative approach. Grassroots involvement and good leadership can help make that happen.
California wildfires in 2017: A staggering toll of lost life and homes
This year will go down as one of the worst in California wildfire history, the latest state fire statistics show. As of Dec. 11: Large wildfires had destroyed or damaged more than 10,000 structures in California this year, a higher tally than the last nine years combined. Large wildfires had killed 43 people – 41 civilians and two firefighters. That’s higher than the last 10 years combined, state figures show.
The wildfires in California just keep shattering records this year
The catastrophic wildfires of 2017 didn't just destroy neighborhoods and livelihoods -- they also annihilated records. And the destruction's not over. The Thomas Fire, which has torched the equivalent of Dallas and Miami combined, is still raging in Southern California.
US launches ambitious plan to battle rangeland wildfires
The U.S. Bureau of Land Management on Friday said it will create an Environmental Impact Statement concerning fuel breaks and another on fuels reduction and restoration for Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, California, Utah, and Washington. The agency said the documents when finished will help speed the process for future landscape-scale projects in the Great Basin by providing a blanket approval for similar areas that will likely just need minor additional environmental reviews to proceed. “It saves teams from having to do the same kinds of analysis 10, 15, 20 times over the next 20 years,” BLM spokesman Ken Frederick said.
More than 200 killed in Philippines mudslides and floods as storm hits
A tropical storm in the Philippines has triggered mudslides and floods killing more than 200 people with many others reported missing, police and disaster officials said on Saturday. The casualties from storm Tembin, most of which occurred on Friday, were all on the main southern island of Mindanao. A search and rescue operation is underway for more than 30 people swept away by flash floods in the fishing village of Anungan in the south-east of the island, where five bodies have already been recovered.
Pope Tells Peruvian Flood Victims to Remain Faithful During Hard Times
Pope Francis told some 200,000 people at an outdoor Mass Saturday in an area of northwestern Peru that is still struggling to recover from devastating floods that took place last year not to lose faith during difficult times. “These times of being buffeted call into question and challenge our strength of spirit and our deepest convictions," the pontiff told the crowd at the beach town of Huanchaco just outside the city of Trujillo. "They make us realize how important it is to stand united, not alone, and to be filled with that unity which is a fruit of the Holy Spirit."
Washington's coast battered by major waves, flooding
A crowd of onlookers in Westport had taken to the observation tower to watch the show, and before long the area at the base of the tower had flooded with several inches of saltwater. The water overwhelmed the drains on Westhaven Drive and flooded the ...
A look at the flood, ice damage on Newfoundland's west coast
The cleanup continues after heavy rain and fast-melting snow caused massive damage on Newfoundland's west coast last weekend. Over the last few days, new problems emerged due to rising levels of the Humber River, caused by ice jams.
Residents of flooded Quebec City neighbourhood return to icy properties
Residents who were forced out of their homes in Quebec City's Duberger-Les Saules neighbourhood on Jan. 12 were able to go back Saturday and confront the damage. Heavy machinery was called in during the week to try to break the ice jam that had caused the nearby St. Charles River to overflow. Michael Pagé was throwing out pieces of drywall and debris from his basement. He says the water was almost two metres high.
Hundreds of flood line calls unanswered
Hundreds of calls to a flooding helpline went unanswered during last August's floods in Northern Ireland, the BBC has learned. More than 1,100 calls were made to the floods line on 22 August as record rain fell across the north west.
Why Montecito's mudslide victims don"t need flood insurance to recover their losses
California courts have struck down policy provisions that exclude recovery for floods and mudslides, as long as they were set in motion by a fire. The leading case on this topic is Howell vs. State Farm, in which California Court of Appeal judges in 1990 held that exclusions for flooding and earth movements may not apply when they were caused by a fire. Klein goes on to say that flood insurance is "your best hope" to recover. That suggestion is wholly unacceptable due to the inadequacies and dollar restrictions in flood insurance policies. Virtually all victims who lost their homes in Montecito are entitled to recover their losses under their homeowners' policies.
“We can't stop the rainfall, but we can stop the tide”: Meet the man who stops London flooding
If A, the amount of rainwater forecast to flow down the Thames, plus B, the height of the next incoming tide, equals more than C, the amount of water the river can contain without flooding, the barrier must be closed. As a result, Andy Batchelor works with a constantly updating bank of computer-generated forecasts. “We can’t stop the rainfall, but we can stop the tide,” he says. When the barrier was designed in the 1970s, terms such as climate change and global warming “weren’t even in the dictionary”, Batchelor says. It was originally designed to be superseded by other flood defences by 2030, but more recent studies have shown that it is robust enough to remain the Environment Agency’s main point of protection for London until 2070.
Drone's-eye view of flood damage helps crews tackling repairs
Elevation was also important in assessing the damage at Rattler Brook, on the south shore of the Bay of Islands. ​"The amount of gravel and sediment and the amount of stuff that's washed away is absolutely extreme," he said. "When we got up in the air, again, it was to get a sense of scales. It's not even explainable until you actually see it." The elevated view helps repair crews get a better sense of what's needed for the work, he said, through three-dimensional models of the area. "When we take the data back and we actually do some additional analysis in a mapping environment, what we can do is actually measure the amount of fill required, or the amount of change," he said.
Evacuations Begin Along Kiski River Due To Ice Jam Flooding Concerns
Armstrong County 911 reported late Thursday night that about 65 people were evacuated from the Leechburg area because of flooding problems. The concern focuses on the massive ice jam on the Kiski River. Like the weather itself, ice jams are unpredictable and no one can say specifically when or how they’ll break up – in huge chunks or in small pieces – and causing more more flooding problems downstream.
Lawsuit: Army Corps knew for decades about Katy flooding risks
The lawsuit alleges that in its 1962 Reservoir Regulation Manual, the Corps' own data showed that federal engineers already had calculated that they needed to acquire 4,285 more acres of private land to accommodate the area that would be flooded by Addicks reservoir's maximum design pool. For Barker Reservoir, another 4,595 acres were needed. The problems got worse in the 1980s, when the dams were made higher and when spillways and flood gates were added, modifications that made the reservoir's maximum "flood pools" grow even larger, according to a raft of additional Corps' reports and studies cited in the lawsuit. According to reports issued in 1986 and later in the 1990s, the government knew that thousands of homes were at risk and still took no action, deciding to risk being sued.
North west floods: Families still unable to return home
Dozens of families are still unable to return to their homes almost five months after flooding devastated parts of the north west. Hundreds of homes and businesses were flooded when record rain fell across counties Londonderry, Tyrone and Donegal last August. Ten families, tenants of Northern Ireland Housing Executive (NIHE) homes, are currently living in mobile homes. The NIHE said a further 13 Londonderry families also remain displaced. Some private homeowners are also still out of their homes.
River Floods Will Threaten Tens of Millions in Next 25 Years
According to the study, published yesterday in Science Advances, more than half the United States alone will need to double existing flood protections—through the building of new dikes, levees and other infrastructure updates—to prevent additional people from being affected in the future. Other regions around the world, including central Europe and parts of Africa, Central and South America, as well as large areas of India, Pakistan, Indonesia and China, will also need to take similar measures to protect their populations.
Build "rain gardens" to prevent floods, says Wildlife Trusts
New homes should be built with “rain gardens” to prevent future flooding, the Wildlife Trusts has said. The national organisation believes the small depressions which can accommodate rainwater runoff, as well as permeable drives and connected waterways, could reduce the likelihood of damage for millions of householders. Responding to the Government’s pledge to build at least 300,000 homes a year for the next four years, the Trusts also called for wildflower road verges and wildlife-friendly green roofs in new developments.
Bus driver saves 15 people from a sudden landslide
A bus of passengers narrowly avoided disaster thanks to a driver's keen eyesight and quick thinking. The bus driver saved 15 people on board from a sudden landslide in China. It happened in Sichuan province on Dec. 3. The driver hit the brakes after noticing some failing rocks. Seconds later, huge boulders came crashing down the road. No one on the bus suffered any injuries.
New images show intimidating landslide moving down Rattlesnake Ridge
Drone aerial photography paired with laser scanning shows a new view into the cracks widening in Rattlesnake Ridge’s slow-moving landslide. The hillside’s 20-acre landslide has gradually inched downward on Rattlesnake Ridge near Yakima for months. Since October, geologists and engineers have monitored it and conceived several scenarios – some including threats to the nearby Interstate 82.
Landslide holds up traffic on Manali-Chandigarh highway for 3 hours
A massive landslide at Seobagh area of Kullu blocked Chandigarh-Manali national highway for nearly three hours on Friday. Work for widening of Kullu-Manali highway, which involved sharp cutting of mountain faces, has created new sliding points where debris keeps sliding on the busy road. Such is the frequency that rolling boulders hitting vehicles do not surprise people here anymore
Several homes in Riverdale still threatened months after landslide
The City of Riverdale plans to drill wells in a neighborhood above a bluff in the coming weeks to help figure out what caused a massive landslide in November that led to the indefinite evacuation of four families. Chunks of the hill continue to break off, and the Utah Geological Survey said Friday they don't know when it'll stop. Video from this week shows steady streams of dirt tumbling down the hill behind the house where Gari Manning grew up.
Landslide threatens homes in Riverdale with a wet storm on the way
Several homeowners in this Weber County town are once again on edge, literally and figuratively. Three houses on a saturated hillslide were evacuated when their backyards started to slide in November. Now they're telling News4Utah that landslide seems to be accelerating. It started with a major slide on November 19th...and soggy chunks of this hill continue to collapse with the latest tumbling down on Tuesday. "It's still active," Ben Erickson of the Utah Geological Survey said. "It's still dangerous something you don't want to get near. Something that you need to be concerned about."
Yakima approves emergency proclamation ahead of landslide
A city in central Washington state issued an emergency proclamation in response to a mass of rock and soil crawling down a ridge that officials say could turn into a landslide.
Landslide causing cracks in roads near Mulino
County crews told FOX 12 they should have Eldorado Road closed at Highway 213 sometime before noon. Once the road closes, crews will open a detour on Union Hall Road. While there is no debris in the road from a landslide, the shifting ground has drastically widened cracks that first appeared a year ago. The cracks are also affecting Highway 213, and ODOT officials told FOX 12 it’s an ancient slide that became active again last year.
Landslide risk means some Trout River families still not allowed into homes
Five days after flooding forced people out of their homes in the small western Newfoundland community of Trout River — the lone town still under a state of emergency — some have still not been allowed to return because of landslide fears. Trout River resident Trudy Butler told CBC's Corner Brook Morning Show on Thursday that the flood was overwhelming.
Landslide threatens three-story hillside home in Malibu
An active landslide was threatening a three-story hillside home in Malibu on Wednesday, authorities said. Building and safety officials red-tagged the home in the 2800 block of Hume Road and were evaluating the stability of the land, Los Angeles County Fire officials said. The area around the home was closed to pedestrians and cars, and no one was allowed inside, said Los Angeles County Fire Inspector Gustavo Medina. "Fortunately, there weren't any residents that were injured or affected," Medina said. "They're out of town."
After Montecito, We Need to Get Serious About Landslide Zoning
The United States Geological Survey estimates that landslides kill 25 to 50 people a year in the U.S.—more than earthquakes or volcanoes. Yet landslides receive far less attention and research funding than other natural hazards. Part of the problem is ...and more »
Post-fire landslide problems aren't new and likely to get worse
Several weeks after a series of wildfires blackened nearly 500 square miles in Southern California, a large winter storm rolled in from the Pacific. In most places the rainfall was welcomed and did not cause any major flooding from burned or unburned hillslopes. But in the town of Montecito, a coastal community in Santa Barbara County that lies at the foot of the mountains blackened by the Thomas Fire, a devastating set of sediment-laden flows killed at least 20 people and damaged or destroyed more than 500 homes. In the popular press these flows were termed “mudslides,” but with some rocks as large as cars these are more accurately described as hyperconcentrated flows or debris flows, depending on the amount of sediment mixed with the water.
Deadly California mudslides show the need for maps and zoning that better reflect landslide risk
Scenic hill slopes can be inspiring – or deadly, as we are seeing after the disastrous debris flows that have ravaged the community of Montecito, California in the wake of heavy rains on Tuesday, Jan. 9, 2018. At least 20 people are dead, and four remain missing. More than a hundred buildings have been destroyed or damaged by moving walls of mud and boulders that rumbled down creeks and canyons into houses and roads. As mountains rise, erosion tears them down. And Southern California’s mountains are rising fast, squeezed up by the action of the region’s active faults. This produces steep slopes that erode quickly, though much of that erosion happens in infrequent events, such as big rainstorms right after big wildfires.
Car plunges into ravine after Johor landslide
The main road linking Johor Baru and Kuantan was closed to all vehicles after a landslide yesterday. Three people, including a 60-year-old, travelling on the road escaped death when their car skidded and fell into a ravine near the landslide.
Bodies of Tacloban landslide victims retrieved
The bodies of four people buried by rain-induced landslides in Tacloban City's Quarry district were retrieved Monday night, January 15. The two-day retrieval operation concluded around 6 p.m. Monday after the recovery of the last two bodies buried by collapsed wall and landslide debris on Saturday night. The last body retrieved was that of Alejandro Mayolargo. Minutes earlier, the rescuers also unearthed the body of his common-law wife, Sherry Jane Amancio, the village secretary. Surviving children identified the two fatalities.
Franz asks for more money to judge landslide risks
It's been nearly 4 years since the Oso landslide killed 41 people. That event is called a glacial deep-seated landslide. The State Lands Commissioner is now asking the legislature for money to hire more geologists to research the entire State Route 530 corridor. “It is the fact that 18 of our counties in Washington state have similar land conditions to the SR 530 corridor and we believe understanding this situation in glacial deep-seated we will be much more able to protect the public health and safety,” said Hilary Franz.

"Environmental Hazards Newsletter " 12th Mar 2018

Hurricanes and Cyclones
Bomb cyclone: Storm hammers northeast US bringing flooding and tidal surges - as it happened
A powerful "bomb cyclone" storm is lashing the US northeast, bringing snow, flooding and tidal surges all along the coast. Many areas were buffeted by wind gusts exceeding 50 mph, with possible hurricane-strength winds of 80 to 90 mph on Cape Cod.
New cyclone may be on horizon for NZ
According to forecaster Weather Watch, a tropical depression forming near Fiji could become a tropical cyclone later in the week. The system could then track near, or into, the New Zealand area
Tropical Cyclone Dumazile
Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is moving southward between Madagascar and La Réunion Island with winds up to 120 km/h (Category 1 hurricane) strengthening (up to Category 3 hurricane) in the upcoming days.
Mountains of trash left behind by hurricanes inflame debate in US Virgin Islands
Over the past 4½ months, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and local contractors have collected more than 736,000 cubic yards of debris left behind by the hurricanes that have ravaged the US Virgin Islands in recent months.
State of emergency declared over cyclone in Russia's Far East
The cyclone has paralyzed transportation throughout Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Due to zero visibility, bus and train services have been halted. Several flights at the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk airport have been delayed or canceled.
Extreme Temperatures
Tens of thousands of starfish wash up on British beach following extreme change in temperature
Thousands of dead starfish washed up on a British beach following the 'beast from the east' weather snap. She estimated "hundreds of thousands" of starfish and other sea life were washed ashore this weekend following the spell of subzero temperatures.
Death toll rises as snow causes chaos across Europe
Conditions are expected to improve by the end of the weekend, but average temperatures across the UK could remain lower than normal over the next month as the polar air gradually returns to the Arctic.
Extreme fire danger threatens south-central US on Sunday
Rising temperatures and strong winds have forces meteorologists to issues warnings against extreme fire danger which may pose a threat to South-Central areas of the US in the incoming days.
ASU researchers to help cities cope with extreme temperatures
ASU researchers are working with academics and officials in Tempe and Buffalo, New York to create smarter and more resilient strategies to cope with extreme temperatures.
Counting the cost of PNG's devastating earthquake – many uncertainties -
At this stage, the outcome is still uncertain after the devastation and loss of life – now more than 100 – of Papua New Guinea’s Highlands earthquake. Obviously the biggest concern remains the human impact of the earthquake – reaching the victims and providing emergency relief. Many households and communities have no drinking water and food gardens have been destroyed. Repairs will costs tens of millions of kina, with the government unfortunately only budgeting each year a fraction of what’s needed for infrastructure maintenance, let alone for emergency repairs and restoration.
Magnitude 4.5 earthquake strikes 8 miles off coast of Petrolia Thursday night
A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shook 18 miles west of the coast near Petrolia Thursday night, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The quake hit at 10:01 p.m. on March 8, at a depth of 8.2 miles
Over 100 Mount Kinabalu climbers rush to safety after earthquake strikes Sabah
More than 100 climbers rushed down to the safety point at Laban Rata in Mount Kinabalu after a 5.2 magnitude earthquake hit Sabah's Ranau area on Thursday (March 8) night. There were no reports of any casualties or damage in the 9.06pm incident, said former Mount Kinabalu Mountain Guides Association president Richard Soibi. Kundasang residents said that it was quite a strong quake that lasted two to three seconds.
Magnitude 5.4 earthquake hits southeast Iran: state media
A magnitude 5.4 earthquake hit southeast Iran on Wednesday evening, state media said. The epicenter of the earthquake was about 14 km (9 miles) away from the town of Kahnooj in Kerman province, state media reported. There were no immediate reports of any dead or injured, or any property damage. Two teams from the local chapter of the Red Crescent were sent to the location, state media said. A magnitude 4.9 earthquake shook the same area a few minutes after the first earthquake. Last November, a 7.3-magnitude earthquake hit western Iran along the mountainous border with Iraq, killing at least 620 people and injuring thousands of others.
Earthquake jolts Sibi, surroundings
An earthquake of mild intensity jolted Balochistan including the Sibi district on Saturday, but no causality or property loss was reported. According to the geological wing of the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), tremors measuring 3.9 on the Richter scale were felt in different parts of the province. Earlier this year, an earthquake of 6.1 magnitude rocked Quetta, Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Charsadda, Murree, Sargodha, Shangla, Haripur and Gujranwala, as well as parts of India, Kashmir and Afghanistan on January 31. The quake had left two including a girl child dead with 15 others injured.
No reports of Singaporeans injured in Sabah earthquake: MFA
There have been no reports of Singaporeans injured in the 5.2-magnitude earthquake that hit Ranau, Sabah on Thursday night (Mar 8), the Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) said on Friday. In a statement, MFA said it has reached out to e-registered Singaporeans in Ranau and the surrounding areas, and has ascertained that they are safe. "Singaporeans in the affected areas should take the necessary precautions for their personal safety, heed the instructions of the local authorities, and closely monitor the local news, as there may be aftershocks. You should also stay in touch with family and friends so that they know you are safe," it added.
Mount Etna eruption: Rapid earthquakes spark fears of fiery volcano about to blow
Residents of the ancient city of Catania on the eastern shores of Sicily were struck with panic after several shocks reverberated through Etna in just five minutes of each other. The terrifying Etna which only sits 18miles from the coastal town, was rocked by three shallow tremors on its southern slopes. The National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) of Catania recorded the shocks in the early morning hours. The strongest of the quakes, of magnitude 3.3, struck at 9.50am local time just over 4 miles north of Ragalna, a small commune southeast of Palermo.
3 Potential Earthquake Sources that Can Destroy Jakarta
According to the Indonesian geological agency, there are two earthquake sources other than the megathrust earthquake in the Sunda Strait that can severely affect Jakarta. “The two other spots are the active fault in the vicinity of Jakarta and the intraslab underneath Jakarta,” said Sri Hidayati, Head of earthquake mitigation at the Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center (PVMBG) on Thursday, March 8. Sri explained that the closest megathrust earthquake can originate from South Java and the Sunda Strait, which is less than 200 kilometers. “If a massive magnitude 8 to 9.5 earthquake from those locations occurred, it can devastate Jakarta,” said Sri. The effects of the quake can potentially amplify because of Jakarta’s sedimentary soil basin.
Mozambique, Malawi - 5.6 M earthquake
An earthquake of magnitude 5.6 M at a depth of 25 km hit central Mozambique (Zambesia Province) in an area close to the border with Malawi on 8 March at 9.49 UTC. Approximately 3 million people live within a 100 km radius of the epicenter which was located 26 km northeast of Nsanje (Southern Region, Malawi). USGS PAGER estimated a shaking up to "very strong" for 22 000 people and "strong" for 63 000 people. An aftershock of 5.2 M at a depth of 10 km occurred a few minutes later, approximately 10 km south of the first earthquake. According to the national authorities of Malawi, several people have been slightly injured and several houses have been damaged in the area of Nyasa.
Deep moderate earthquake in Southern Alaska - March 9, 2018
The epicenter area has had multiple smaller earthquakes the last couple of days and even weeks. The origin van this earthquake is the Pacific plate diving below the gradually thicker getting North American plate at several cm a year. This is generating lot of stress resulting in regular earthquakes, even massive ones as every person in Alaska knows very well. Due to the depth of the hypocenter, people even at several hundred km will have felt the earthquake as very weak to weak shaking. Based on the present earthquake parameters (Magnitude, Depth, Population, etc) and our experience with earthquake damage impact, earthquake-Report.com does not expect any serious damage from this earthquake.
Strong very deep earthquake in between Fiji and Tonga - March 9, 2018
As it is middle of the night in this area at the moment of the earthquake, we believe that most of the people will not have felt it. This earthquake looks spectacular, but isn't as the breaking point (hypocenter) is located in the deep solid hot mantle of the earth. Based on the present earthquake parameters (Magnitude, Depth, Population, etc) and our experience with earthquake damage impact, earthquake-Report.com does not expect any damage from this earthquake
Papua New Guinea earthquake: anger grows among "forgotten victims"
Aid workers and government officials have been threatened by people in Papua New Guinea who are angry at the slow delivery of emergency help 10 days after a 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck the highlands. Care Australia estimate half a million people have been affected by the quake, with 150,000 in desperate need of emergency supplies and more than 100 believed to be dead. Anna Bryan, Care’s program director in the country, said frustration has grown in the worst hit areas as aftershocks continued to strike. On Wednesday, a 6.8 magnitude aftershock killed a family of six when their house collapsed and burst into flames.
The ground has been shaking in Kansas. What"s causing these earthquakes?
Some of Oklahoma’s most-powerful earthquakes in the past year gave Kansans a shake in the past week, and a research geophysicist says it is safe to assume these quakes were due to wastewater injections in Kansas and Oklahoma. “This is not particularly surprising — we’re not surprised by this,” said Justin Rubinstein, who is also the deputy chief of the United States Geological Survey's Induced Seismicity Project. While the cause of these quakes has not been confirmed, Kansas Geological Survey senior scientist Rick Miller agreed that they were likely “human-induced earthquakes.”
Papua New Guinea aftershocks prompt fears earthquake toll could exceed 100
At least 55 people have been confirmed dead and authorities fear the toll could exceed 100 from last week’s powerful earthquake in Papua New Guinea, as survivors faced more shaking from the strongest aftershock so far. Southern Highlands governor William Powi said people were feeling traumatised from the disaster and ongoing aftershocks. The latest was a magnitude 6.7 quake that struck just after midnight local time, the strongest shake since last Monday’s deadly magnitude 7.5 quake that destroyed homes, triggered landslides and halted work at four oil and gas fields.
Papua New Guinea earthquake death toll reaches 67
Aid workers in Papua New Guinea say the death toll from last week’s 7.5 earthquake has reached at least 67, as the country’s remote highlands were again rocked by strong aftershocks. Three aftershocks, each stronger than magnitude 5, shook the rugged Southern Highlands early on Monday, spreading fear in a region already badly damaged when the largest quake to hit the region struck a week ago. 'People are slowly dying': PNG earthquake sparks state of emergency. Aid is beginning to trickle into the worst affected regions but the extent of the devastation has taken days to emerge because of the area’s remoteness – about 500km from the capital Port Moresby.
Volcanic Activity
Volcano fires ash 3000m into air
The eruption of a volcano in southern Japan spewed ash 3,000 metres into the air. The authorities warned people not to approach Mount Shinmoedake, which has erupted 29 times, its most active since 2011. No injuries have been reported.
Lava flow confirmed at Mt. Shinmoe following eruptions
At around 10:10 a.m. on March 9, a worker from the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology involved in an on-site inspection informed the JMA that lava could be seen flowing from the northwest section of the mountain's crater. The agency later confirmed a lava flow, and is investigating its range. The JMA had announced on the same day that eruptions of the volcano, which straddles Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures, had stopped at 1:45 a.m., but it seems that lava built up inside the crater subsequently spilled over.
Mayon volcano eruption: Rumbling heard for miles as lava explodes 7 times in 24 hours
But the Philippines most active volcano shows no signs of letting up as officials revealed lava continued to flow from 7.19am on Thursday to 6am (local time) today erupting on seven separate periods during the timeframe.
Study: Gunma volcano erupted more frequently than thought
A volcano in Gunma Prefecture that erupted Jan. 23, killing one and injuring 11, likely had many more such events than previously thought, volcanologists said. Researchers with the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) and the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) identified traces of similar eruptions that occurred repeatedly at Mount Moto-Shiranesan, one of the peaks that constitute the Mount Kusatsu-Shiranesan volcano complex. The January eruption formed more than one string of volcanic vents, which stretched a maximum of 500 meters.
Shinmoedake volcano in southern Japan erupts, spewing smoke and ash into air
A volcano in southern Japan that appeared in a James Bond film had its biggest eruption in years on Tuesday, shooting smoke and ash thousands of metres into the sky and grounding dozens of flights at a nearby airport, officials said. The Meteorological Agency said the Shinmoedake volcano on Japan’s southernmost main island of Kyushu erupted violently several times, and some lava was rising inside a crater.
Long-Period Earthquake Swarm Detected Under Volcano
An ongoing long-period earthquake swarm at 5-10 km depth began last night beneath the Kīlauea Volcano caldera, scientists report, noting that “otherwise, seismicity is within normal, background rates, with tremor fluctuations associated with lava lake spattering.” On Tuesday, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory measured the level of the lava lake at 74 ft. below the floor, which meant excited visitors could catch a glimpse of lava spatter from the Jaggar Overlook inside Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.
Kyushu volcano continues to belch ash over wide region
Kyushu’s Mount Shinmoedake remained active March 7 as smoke and fumes rose as high as 3,000 meters from the volcano. The Japan Meteorological Agency is maintaining the alert level at 3, warning people to stay away from the 1,421-meter mountain and cautioning that large rocks may be spat out up to a distance of 3 kilometers. It also said that glasses may break due to vibrations and that wind-borne volcanic debris may be carried over long distances.
Japanese volcano erupts, spewing ash
A volcano on Japan's Kyushu island is erupting, sending a plume of ash more than two kms above the crater. It was the first time in about seven years that such a powerful eruption was observed at Mount Shinmoe on the border between the prefectures of Kagoshima and Miyazaki on the southern island, according to the Japan Meteorological Agency.
Japan's "James Bond" Volcano Erupts In A Spectacular Display Of Fire And Smoke
The volcano sent ash and smoke thousands of meters into the sky, canceling flights and creating unease for local residents. Shinmoedake volcano appeared in the 1967 James Bond movie You Only Live Twice, with Sean Connery as the film's agent 007.
Taupo in the running for the Volcano Cup
Which volcano is the best? Fans of the lava-spewing killers are trying to find out once and for all. Over the past few weeks a knockout competition has been taking place on social media site Twitter, under the hashtag #VolcanoCup. Thousands of geologists, science fans and people who just like things that burn have been voting for their favourite fiery mountains and calderas. New Zealand is represented in the informal competition by Taupo, which last blew around 1800 years ago. The goal is not just to entertain, but educate.
Hawaii Dumped 1.5 Billion Gallons Of Lava Into Pacific As Volcano Wall Collapses
A rare volcano wall collapse was captured recently on Kīlauea volcano, one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The collapse occurred on February 10th, at 8:21 a.m. local time when a massive chunk of the volcano collapsed. The sudden collapse was on Kīlauea volcano's active East Rift Zone, specifically on the northeast rim of the west pit in Pu’u O’o. This collapse was coincident with subsidence as the adjacent ground fell. Kīlauea volcano is actively monitored by the USGS on the island, looking for evidence of new eruptions and danger to local communities.
Violent blasts from Indonesia's Sinabung volcano
On February 19, 2018, Mount Sinabung volcano, on the Indonesian island of On February 19, 2018, Mount Sinabung volcano, on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, erupted violently, spewing ash at least 16,000 to 23,000 feet (5 to 7 km) into the air. The stratovolcano has been sporadically active since 2010, following four centuries of quiet. According to a report from the Associated Press, the lava dome obliterated a chunk of the peak as it erupted. Plumes of hot gas and ash flowed down the volcano’s summit and spread out in an area about 3 miles (5 km) in diameter. Ash falls were recorded as far away as the town of Lhokseumawe, some 160 miles (260 km) to the north.
Indonesia issues volcanic ash flight warnings after Mount Sinabung erupts
Indonesia has raised flight warnings around the Mount Sinabung volcano to their highest level after it sent a plume of ash more than 7km (4.4 miles) into the air, turning day into night for people nearby. Areas around the crater of the volcano, located about 1,900km north-west of the capital, Jakarta, on the island of Sumatra have been off-limits for several years because of frequent volcanic activity.
The Costs Of Waiting For A Volcano To Erupt
Earthquakes began rumbling under Agung volcano on the “Paradise Island” of Bali in Indonesia on August 10, 2017. These small earthquakes drew immediate attention because Mt. Agung, which dominates the island’s landscape, had erupted in 1963, killing more than 1100 people. Was Agung reawakening? Could a major eruption be imminent?
Terrawatch: Montserrat's volcano remains a risk
It is now more than 20 years since Montserrat’s long-dormant volcano had a dramatic return to life. The action began in 1995 and reached a crescendo in 1997, when 19 people lost their lives. Plymouth, the island’s capital, ended up buried in more than 12m (40ft) of mud. Since then an exclusion zone has been imposed over the southern two-thirds of the Caribbean island and the population has dwindled from 12,500 to just 4,500. Sporadic smaller eruptions have occurred in the intervening years, but for the past eight years the volcano has been completely silent, and locals are impatient to return to their homes. So is it safe?
Wildfires will likely get worse in western North America
States in the interior western United States, in particular, may be faced with large increases in total wildfire area burned, potentially beyond anything that has been experienced in the past, according to the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE on December 15, 2017, as the 2017 fire season was ending.
Wildfires: Smoke and cloud interactions unexpectedly result in cooling
For years, scientists determined that smoke, overall, diminishes clouds' cooling effect by absorbing light that the clouds beneath the aerosols would otherwise reflect. A new study found that smoke and cloud layers are closer to each other than previously thought. This makes the clouds more reflective of light and, thus, accelerates the clouds' cooling effect.
California Spent $1.8B Fighting 2017 Wildfires
California state agencies spent nearly $1.8 billion fighting fierce wildfires that killed dozens of people and destroyed thousands of homes and businesses last year, legislative budget experts reported Thursday. The federal government will reimburse most of the costs, but the state will still need to come up with about $371 million on top of the state’s existing wildfire budget, the Legislative Analyst’s Office told the Senate Budget committee. That shouldn’t be a problem because state revenue has far exceeded expectations so far this fiscal year and the general fund is flush with cash.
Crews tackle wildfires through the night on two Scottish islands
Crews have been tackling a number of wildfires through the night across two Hebridean islands. Emergency services have been working to extinguish a three kilometre-long blaze at Portree, Skye, since around 7.40pm on Saturday. A Scottish Fire and Rescue Service spokeswoman said: “It looks like they are going to be there for a while.” Crews were also called to the Creachan Hill area on the remote isle of Barra after reports of a 500 x 600 metre fire at 7.38pm on Saturday.
Several homes lost in wildland fire south of Kiowa
Firefighters have fully contained a 377-acre brush fire that broke out Sunday morning south of Kiowa, burning four homes. The Elbert County Sheriff's Office announced the fire was full contained just after 8 p.m. after breaking out earlier Sunday morning around 10:15 a.m. It began near County Road 118 and County Road 45 and spread quickly due to high winds and dry conditions in the area.
Agricultural policy can reduce wildfires
The introduction of new agricultural policies can reduce the damage caused by wildfires in Southern Europe. Last year, once again, forest fires took their toll in southern Europe. In Portugal alone, at least 500,000 acres were burned, 100 people were killed, and 500 houses were lost.
NASA's new weather satellite will show us wildfires and storms in ...
The launch of NASA's GOES-S satellite will provide the capability to monitor the weather of the United States in incredible detail. The satellite will focus on concerning storms and wildfires, giving people in those areas updated information every 30 seconds.
California spent nearly $1.8 billion last year fighting major wildfires
California state agencies spent nearly $1.8 billion fighting fierce wildfires that killed dozens of people and destroyed thousands of homes and businesses last year.
US and Cuban forces unite to fight a common foe: wildfire at Guantanamo
For a few days last week, soldiers from the U.S. and Cuba fought on the same side, battling a massive wildfire that threatened Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. The blaze set off nearly 1,000 land mines and burned 1,700 acres, forcing the evacuation of six neighborhoods on the naval base.
Death Toll Climbs as Aftershocks Rattle Earthquake-Hit Papua New Guinea
One week after Papua New Guinea was rattled by a powerful earthquake, aftershocks have reportedly caused the death toll to rise to at least 67, while landslides have made the worst-hit highlands nearly unreachable.
Bulgaria's long weekend ends: Avalanche warnings, landslides and swollen rivers
Several warnings have been issued in Bulgaria for possible avalanches in some mountain areas alongside the closure of roads. Heavy traffic is affecting the country across the national road network as people deal with unusual levels of precipitation during a national holiday period.
Huge underwater landslides and tsunamis may be caused by ooze
The largest landslides on Earth happen in the oceans, and an ooze of dead plankton may be responsible. If so, it could help us predict the risk of devastating tsunamis triggered by these events. Far beneath the waves, huge “megaslides” can transport 3000 cubic kilometres of sediment at speeds of up to 80 metres per second. The largest such event on record was the Storegga Slide 8150 years ago off the coast of Norway. Dwarfing every slide known on land,
Monsoon floods and landslides threaten 100000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh
Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh since last August to escape a military crackdown in neighboring Myanmar. Most now live in flimsy, bamboo-and-plastic structures perched on what were once forested hills. Bangladesh is lashed by typhoons, and the Rohingya camps are clustered in a part of the country that records the highest rainfall. Computer modeling by the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) shows that more than 100,000 refugees will be threatened by landslides and floods in the coming monsoon.
Queensland schoolchildren trapped by floods for almost a week wait to be evacuated
Torrential rain for much of the past week has caused flooding across the region, with the area between Cairns and Townsville declared a disaster by the state government and labelled an official catastrophe by the Insurance Council of Australia
UK braces for floods and water shortages as temperatures rise
The repercussions of the extreme weather are being felt across the UK, with flood warnings and water shortages threatening thousands of households. After last week’s snow, ice and freezing temperatures combined with the impact of Storm Emma, residents in London and south-east England have been told to use as little water as possible because of burst pipes. Thames Water said about 12,000 homes had no running water following the deep freeze and thaw, while several other water companies said they were also tackling multiple burst pipes on their networks.
How Architecture Is Tackling Increasing Floods From Climate Change
Sea level rise and increased rain have posed serious flood risks for several Asian cities. An Harvard graduate is trying to address the problem by implementing architectural techniques to mitigate the impact of floods on private and public buildings.
Icy roads and floods still a risk as big thaw begins
Thousand of people in southwest England as well as in the North East and North West are at risk of flooding as temperatures rise and the snow that fell in recent weeks starts to melt.
Brace yourselves for round two: North East to be hit by a second storm in less than a week after deadly ...
More bad weather expected in the East Coast after nine people lost their lives and several homes were destroyed by the deadly nor'easter 'bombogensis' which tore through the region on Friday leaving a trail of destruction in its wake. But officials warn that severe weather is still to come in areas along the East Coast this week.